You and your baby were discharged from the hospital. Now you are responsible for the life and health of your child. The health, psychological state, and development of the child largely depend on how correctly and competently you take care of him. The main thing is not to worry, the maternal instinct will prompt and guide you.
PROPERLY CARE FOR A NEWBORN BABY SKIN
It should be remembered that our skin is a complex organ that performs a variety of functions, and a baby’s skin is very delicate and sensitive. Healthy baby skin ensures the normal functioning of many-body systems. It is the first barrier that protects the baby from bacteria and toxins, regulates heat transfer and fluid loss. Compared to the skin of an adult, the skin of an infant is much thinner, thereby making it more susceptible to various types of infections.
Care of the baby’s umbilical wound requires special attention.
The pediatrician will examine the child and prescribe the frequency and duration of the treatment of the child’s navel: approximately 1-2 weeks, 2-3 times a day. The umbilical wound is treated with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, then 5% manganese or 1% alcoholic solution of brilliant green. When putting on the diaper, fold its front part inward, fold the shirt up.
If the skin around the navel turns red, any discharge appears, see a doctor immediately!
The choice of a diaper completely depends on your desires and capabilities, since there are plenty of types of diapers, from a gauze reusable diaper to a gel-based disposable diaper. Disposable diapers are put on for 3-4 hours, no longer, after which the diaper is changed with a break of 15-20 minutes in order to avoid diaper rash. The diaper is changed after each bowel movement.
A late diaper change can lead to an ascending urinary tract infection, especially if there is intestinal dysbiosis or inflammatory changes in the external genital organs; this is especially true for girls, since their urethra is short and wide, located next to the anus. In this case, and with individual intolerance, you need to abandon disposable diapers.
Often the question “Is it harmful to wear diapers for boys”?
According to numerous studies, there are no negative consequences when using diapers in boys.
After being discharged from the maternity hospital, the child must be examined by a pediatrician, only he decides when to bathe him.
Children under 6 months of age are usually bathed daily, over 6 months can be bathed every other day. In the hot season, regardless of age, you need to bathe daily. For bathing a child, you must purchase a special plastic baby bath. It can be accompanied by a special bathing stand for the baby, which will help support him while bathing. The detergent is usually a pH-neutral soap, which is used 1-2 times a week. A few tips for bathing your baby:
• you need to bathe your baby in warm water at 36-37 degrees;
• until the umbilical wound has healed, be sure to use only warm boiled water;
• the temperature in the room during bathing must be at least 21 degrees;
• before bathing the child, it is recommended to lay out naked on the stomach for a few minutes;
• before bathing, you need to wash the baby (the girl should be washed from front to back);
• a child’s stay in the water in the first months of life should be 5-10 minutes, up to 20-30 minutes by the end of the first year of life;
• the scalp of the child’s head should be washed with shampoo no more than 2 times a week;
• face should be washed separately with clean water;
• up to 6 months, bath foam should not be used, as the child can inhale it and get a chemical burn of the respiratory tract;
• the baby should be bathed in the evening, before the penultimate feeding, that is, at about 20-21 hours;
• after bathing, the child’s skin should not be wiped off, but patted dry with a soft warm towel;
• after bathing, the baby’s dry skin and natural folds should be treated with care products;
• bathing the child in herbs or using any other means should only be recommended by a doctor.
In addition to bathing, the child should have a daily toilet of the nose and eyes. In the morning, the face is necessarily washed with boiled water at room temperature of 20-22 degrees. Eyes should be washed from the outer edge of the eye to the inner edge of the eye with a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water. If there is discharge from the eyes, consult a doctor!
The baby’s nose needs to be cleaned only when crusts appear. They are removed with cotton swabs dipped in boiled water or sterile vegetable oil (prepared in a water bath until bubbles appear; shelf life – 10 days).
The baby’s ear canal is not cleaned, only the auricles are processed, they are wiped after bathing with a cotton ball.
It is more convenient to cut nails while sleeping. This should be done with small scissors, pre-treated with alcohol. On the handles, nails are cut in a rounded manner, on the legs evenly. It is not necessary to cut your nails very short to the very skin. If you cut your nail very shortly, it is better to treat it with a 1% solution of brilliant green as a preventive measure, as inflammation may develop in the area of the periungual bed.
Natural folds of the skin (cervical, axillary, inguinal) are lubricated twice a day with baby skincare cream, baby oil or sterile vegetable oil. Skincare products are selected individually. Various cosmetics containing antibiotics, salts of heavy metals (mercury ointment), hormones, oil solutions of vitamins A, D should not be used to treat the skin of a healthy infant.
Diaper dermatitis is a consequence of skin irritation due to the effects of mechanical, chemical, and microbial factors on the skin. If you notice obvious skin irritation, seek medical attention immediately.
In order to prevent diaper dermatitis, skin infections caused by feces and urine, after thorough cleansing, the skin should be powdered, lubricated with oil, special cream, or ointment. All products should be applied to the skin in moderation with a mandatory assessment of their effectiveness. The fact is that some children do not tolerate any cosmetic products well. In such cases, air baths for 10-15 minutes several times a day help well. It is impossible to use powder and cream (ointment) on the same parts of the body at the same time. This can lead to skin irritation.
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PROPERLY CARE FOR A NEWBORN BABY ROOM
For a favorable arrangement, it is necessary to prepare a nursery, a place for swaddling, bathing, and processing crumbs.
The room should be well lit or sunny (the sun’s rays kill germs and create a good mood). Wet mop every day. When the baby is out for a walk, generally arrange through ventilation of the room. It is also necessary to maintain a constant temperature regime of the room – 20-22 degrees. There should be no animals in the room. This also applies to toxic flowers: philodendrons, begonias, oleanders. Be sure to exclude contact with sick people.
The crib can be wooden or metal, with two levels of fixing the bottom and special pads to protect the grates (so that the child does not hit); the mattress must be firm. You don’t need a pillow for your baby. An exception is a special therapeutic pillow, which is used as prescribed by a neurologist.
A table or chest of drawers covered with oilcloth and a soft cloth is best for changing and handling your baby. You can place the baby’s underwear and care items on it.
PROPERLY CARE FOR A NEWBORN BABY CLOTHING
First of all, these are thin cotton and flannel diapers. The number of diapers will depend on which diapers, cloth or disposable, you use. Thin cotton undershirts with sewn-on sleeves are also needed (so that the baby does not injure himself or break a nail, they are still very thin), flannel sliders, caps; for walks, you will need a warm knitted suit, a hat, warm socks, a jumpsuit or a fur envelope is especially convenient. Children’s clothing should be comfortable, easy to take off and put on, not restrict movement; the seams should not chafe the skin. Baby clothes are stored separately, washed separately, respectively. In this case, a special baby powder is used. If a child has an allergic reaction to it, then in this case it is necessary to consult with your pediatrician and purchase a special soap powder. The linen must be ironed on both sides, from the front and the back, thus killing germs and making the clothes much more pleasant to the touch.
In the second or third month of a child’s life, you will need sliders and 6-8 blouses. Chest bibs will be indispensable in the household until your child grows up to protect clothes.
Children’s wardrobe should have 2-3 pairs of shoes or booties; for babies, woolen socks or knitted shoes with ribbons are suitable.
Walking with a newborn begins in the warm season from the second week of life, in the cold – from the third week. The duration of the walks ranges from 15-20 minutes to 1.5-2 hours. In total, the child should be outdoors per day in the warm season – 5 hours, in the cold season – 3 hours. You can also walk on the balcony or on the loggia and go outside 1-2 times.
The most important task for parents and, above all, for his mother, is physical contact with the baby. For correct and full development, they are necessary from the very first days of his life. Hold your baby more often. Such moments of intimacy have the most beneficial effect on the state of mind of the baby, contribute to its correct development. Remember to talk to your newborn. Addressing the baby with love expressed in gentle words, careful and gentle movements, sensitivity to his signals of discomfort, you immerse the baby in a stream of care and love, instilling in him a benevolent attitude towards the world around him.
This is how the child develops a need for emotional communication. Give him your smile more often. And one day you will receive it in return. Take care of your baby, giving him the maximum of your love and tenderness.
Kid’s hygiene products, medicines, and first-aid kit:
• Thermometers electronic
• Bactericidal patch to the navel, belt abdomen (appointed by the child’s doctor)
• Cotton sticks with fuse
• Pipette and measuring spoon
• The balloon enema
• Aspirator Nasal (ie, for.. nose)
• Cotton wool
• Baby powder
• Vaseline or boiled vegetable oil
• A solution of brilliant greens 1% or 5% manganese solution
• Hydrogen peroxide 3%
• Liquid from dehydration (rehydration, citroglucosolan)
• Ointment or cream that protects from the sun (for children over 6 months old)
• Sterile bandages and gauze swabs
• Adhesive plaster
• Antipyretic (paracetamol solution, suppositories with paracetamol)
• Anti-flatulence – bloating (espumisan, SAB-simplex) – are prescribed by a doctor